Now those who were scattered after the persecution that arose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only. But some of them were men from Cyprus and Cyrene, who, when they had come to Antioch, spoke to the Hellenists, preaching the Lord Jesus. And the hand of the Lord was with them, and a great number believed and turned to the Lord. Then news of these things came to the ears of the church in Jerusalem, and they sent out Barnabas to go as far as Antioch. When he came and had seen the grace of God, he was glad, and encouraged them all that with purpose of heart they should continue with the Lord. For he was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith. And a great many people were added to the Lord. Then Barnabas departed for Tarsus to seek Saul. And when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. So it was that for a whole year they assembled with the church and taught a great many people. And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch. And in these days prophets came from Jerusalem to Antioch. Then one of them, named Agabus, stood up and showed by the Spirit that there was going to be a great famine throughout all the world, which also happened in the days of Claudius Caesar. Then the disciples, each according to his ability, determined to send relief to the brethren dwelling in Judea. This they also did, and sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Saul.
Acts 11:18 is a momentous passage. Peter’s ministry to Cornelius and his household, and the positive response by the church at Jerusalem (see Acts 10:1-11:18) set the stage for Paul’s outreach to the Gentiles in the remaining chapters. The next few verses cover one of the most important events in history – the founding of the Gentile church.
- The Gentile Church is Born
- Born through the witness of lay believers (Acts 8:1-4). Note that everyone was scattered except the apostles.
- Born by believers sharing with everyone they met – Jews and Gentiles alike. God desires everyone to hear the good news and for everyone to be saved.
Isaiah 45:22 – “Look to Me, and be saved, all you ends of the earth!”
Matthew 22:9 – “Go into the highways, and as many as you find, invite to the wedding.”
Romans 10:12 – “For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek (between the rich and the poor, between the educated and the uneducated, between the white and the black, between the Church of God and the Baptist, between the Anglo-Saxon and the Hispanic), for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon Him.”
- Borne by the hand of the Lord. “the hand of the Lord was with them.”
- God allowed the persecution.
- God gave the believers the boldness to proclaim the good news.
- God opened the eyes of the people in Antioch to receive the good news.
- The Gentile Church is Nourished
- Mother Church sent ministerial help – the church needed leadership.
- Barnabas encouraged the new church – to continue with the Lord with purpose of heart (a deliberate plan, an intention, a design). It is not enough to start walking with God, but the church must have a deliberate plan, an intention to keep walking with God.
- Barnabas taught the new church – teaching is an important part of the church.
- The Gentile Church had an Effective Witness
- Believers were first called “Christians” at Antioch. The Greek word used was christianos. This was likely an insulting name given to the followers of Christ (Christos) like the term “Jesus-freak” was used a few years ago. Later, believers took the name and began applying it to themselves. Eventually the name was adopted by the whole world for the followers of Christ. If we call ourselves “Christian,” we need to recognize what it means to be a true follower of Christ.
Colossians 2:6 – As you therefore have received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in Him.
1 John 2:6 – He who says he abides in Him ought himself also to walk just as He walked.
- The Gentile Church Had a Ministry to Others
- When they heard of the prophesied famine coming, they took up a relief offering to Jerusalem. This was an offering each person shared in according to their ability. Again, we see that a growing, thriving church is one that reaches out to others – it is not consumed with just meeting its own needs.
Galatians 6:10 – Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us (ergazomai – work, be busy, accomplish something, produce things, be engaged in, toil. Ergazomai is the opposite of idleness, laziness, or inactivity.) do good to all, especially to those who are of the household of faith.
1 Timothy 6:18 – Let them do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to give, willing to share.
NOTE: Preaching–Teaching–Exhortation – There are three different Greek words used for preaching and teaching in this passage.
- Lalountes is translated “preaching” in the King James Version and “spoke” in the New King James Version. It is the simple sharing of conversation among people. In other words, as the believers were scattered abroad, wherever they went, whoever they talked to, Jesus was the topic of their conversation. Jesus was so real in their lives, so much on their mind that they simply “spoke” about Him to every one they came in contact with.
- Euaggelizomenoi is translated “preaching” and it means to declare and proclaim the gospel – the good news. The believers – the lay people – actually went into Antioch and preached and proclaimed that Jesus Christ had died and risen again for their sins.
- Parekalei is translated “exhorted” or “encouraged” and means to warn, comfort, encourage, challenge, admonish or advise. The believers – both in their day-to-day conversation and in their preaching – urged the people at Antioch to continue with the Lord with one purpose, one plan, one commitment of service.